Hyperpigmentation is the common condition where our skin begins producing increasing amounts of melanin, which then gives certain areas a darker appearance than others. Whether it’s a few new freckles or darker patches that you can’t explain, we’re all affected by hyperpigmentation in some form or another. So, if you want to learn how to treat or even prevent some of these blemishes from occurring, you need to first know the common causes of hyperpigmentation.

Prolonged Sun Exposure

It’s no secret that spending too much time in the sun’s UV rays can cause lasting damage to your skin. However, few realize that when they’re out trying to get a tan, they’re actually encouraging their skin to increase the rate at which it produces melanin. While, most of the time, this production slows down again when an individual gets out of the sun, their skin doesn’t always go back to the way it was before. Some sections of skin may retain that extra pigment and stay a darker color even when the rest of your skin has lightened again. It’s for this reason that you should always wear a sunscreen of at least 30 SPF to protect yourself if you’re going to be outdoors.

Skin Inflammation or Injury

Hyperpigmentation is also commonly a product of previous skin inflammation or injury. Those suffering from acne or eczema are often left with darker patches of skin in the area of a recent breakout. This is because the cells used to heal these injuries had a higher concentration of melanin than those in the rest of the area. Unfortunately, this can leave many individuals with scars called dark spots that are difficult to remove.

Hormonal Changes

Even sudden hormonal changes can cause a darkening reaction in your skin. Pregnant women are at the most risk for this as their frequent hormonal fluctuations can lead to the development of a condition called melasma. This condition is characterized by large dark brown patches on a person’s face and can last longer than their pregnancy, depending on the condition’s severity. It’s also important to note that a recent paper published by Harvard Medical School found that “melasma is more prevalent among, and lasts longer, in people with dark skin.”

Disease and Metabolic Overdose

Certain underlying diseases and metabolic deficiencies can also cause an unfavorable reaction in your skin. Addison’s disease is one specific illness that produces hyperpigmentation in areas commonly exposed to the sun—such as the face, neck, and hands. Furthermore, a person can also sustain hyperpigmentation by having too much of certain vitamins and minerals. Iron and vitamin D are the most common offenders in these instances.

If you’re suffering from hyperpigmentation and would like help eliminating these blemishes once and for all, reach out to Flawless Beauty & Skin. We offer products utilizing the most cutting-edge science in the beauty industry, and our skin whitening and brightening creams can help lighten afflicted spots and return your skin’s glow.